The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 53 sq km on the outskirts of the capital city Thiruvananthapuram on the Western Ghats. It was established in 1938. The place is fascinating for its dam site, thick forest areas, eucalyptus plantations, crystal clear streams and rocky terrain, ideal for adventure expeditions. The forests of the sanctuary occur in the catchment area of the Peppara dam which stands across the Karamana River.
It is home to a wide variety of species such as asian elephant, tigers, sambar, leopard, lion tailed macaque, wild dogs, mouse deer etc. and to about 13 native tribal groups that are still untouched by modern civilisation. The sanctuary has a rich population of mammalian fauna and is emerging as a big attraction to wildlife enthusiasts and ornithologists. Birdlife includes the endemics like Malabar Grey Hornbill, White bellied Treepie, Small Sunbird, etc.
Sanctuary consists of Part of Palode reserve and part of Kottoor reserve. General topography of the area is hilly with elevation varying from 100 m to 1717m. There are 13 tribal settlements in the sanctuary. Eleven are in Athirumala section and two are in Thodayar section.
Vellayani is situated 7 km away from the famous Kovalam Beach of Thiruvananthapuram. Vellayani Lake is the largest fresh water lake in the Thiruvananthapuram district.
Vellayani lake is well-known for his much protected natural eco-system. The lake is blessed with the variety of flora and fauna. With a boat ride, you can enjoy and explore the picturesque view of the lake.
There are many interesting stories associated with the origin of Vellayani lake. One among the most popular legend is this; once, a beggar came here in search of water. He visited a saint who was meditating in here. Unfortunately, his vessel was nearly empty.
The saint took the last drops from the pot in to his palm and threw them as far as he could. During this act he uttered a small prayer. Surprisingly, the area of the land gradually turned into a big lake till where the drops fell. That lately named as Vellayani Kayal (kayal is the native usage of lake).
The water from Vellayani lake is used for drinking facilities and irrigation purposes. Vellayani lake is a must visit place if you takes a trip to Kovalam beach.
Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur situates near Kappukadu in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. The Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur spreads over 56 hectares.
Surrounded by trenches to keep wild animals at bay, this place provides enough space for all the elephants accommodated here. Elephants are free to roam in well protected vicinities is something unique to this Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur.
This Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur is almost like an orphanage or retirement home to elephants and accommodates sick and injured elephants. 30 elephants can be accommodated with in this comfortable zone at a time.
The elephants here in the Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur are looked after by a team of experts. The elephants here are fed with cooked rice and jiggery made in to the shape of balls.
Elephant Rehabilitation Centre at Kottur is flanked by the water of the Neyyar reservoir and the moist deciduous forest and grass lands.